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Kamis, 24 Juli 2014

Narrative

Narrative adalah cerita, story atau story telling. dalam bahasa Indonesia bisa disamakan dengan Dongeng. Dalam sebuah story/narrative ada Orientation,Complication dan Resolution.
Orientation adalah awal cerita yang terdiri kapan,siapa,dimana, oleh siapa cerita itu ada.
Complication adalah masalah muncul.
Complication adalah pemecahan masalah.
Pada sebuah narrative atau cerita ada pesan moral yang disampaikan atau Moral Value.
Berikut ini adalah contoh Text Narrative sekaligus soal dan pembahasannya.


THE SMARTEST PARROT
Once upon time, a man had a wonderful parrot. There was no other parrot like it. The parrot could say every word, except one word. The parrot would not say the name of the place where it was born. The name of the place was Catano.
The man felt excited having the smartest parrot but he could not understand why the parrot would not say Catano. The man tried to teach the bird to say Catano, however the bird did not say the word.
At first, the man was very nice to the bird but then he got very angry. “You stupid bird!” pointed the man to the parrot. “Why can’t you say the word? Say Catano! Or I will kill you” the man said angrily. Although he tried hard to teach, the parrot would not say it. Then the man got so angry and shouted to the bird over and over; “Say Catano or I’ll kill you”. The bird kept silent.
One day, after trying so many times to make the bird say Catano, the man really got very angry. He could not bear it. He picked the parrot and threw it into the chicken house. There were four old chickens for next dinner “You are as stupid as the chickens. Just stay with them” Said the man angrily. Then he continued to mumble; “You know I will cut the chicken for my meal. Next it will be your turn, I will eat you too, stupid parrot”. After that he left the chicken house.
The next day, the man came back to the chicken house. He opened the door and was very surprised. He could not believe what he saw at the chicken house. There were three death chickens on the floor. At the moment, the parrot was standing proudly and screaming at the last old chicken; “Say Catano or I’ll kill you”.

25.
·           Kemampuan yang diuji          : Menentukan informasi rinci tersirat 
·           Indikator                                : Disajikan satu teks NARATIF, siswa dapat menentukan informasi rinci tersirat dari teks tersebut.
·           Soal :
Why did the man feel so angry with the parrot?
             A.    It could say everything except Catano.
             B.    It couldn’t say anything.
             C.    It was a parrot like others.
             D.    It was a stupid parrot.
·           Kunci jawaban : A
·           Pembahasan:
       Jawaban diambil dari kalimat
                                           At the first, the man was very nice to the bird but then he got very angry. “You stupid
                                           bird!” pointed the man to the parrot. “Why can’t you say the word? Say Catano!
26.
·           Kemampuan yang diuji          : Menentukan tujuan Text 
·           Indikator                                : Disajikan satu teks naratif, siswa dapat menentukan tujuan teks tersebut.
·           Soal :
            What is the purpose of the text above?
A.    To describe a very cunning  parrot.
B.    To tell us about a cruel man who owned a parrot.
C.    To entertain the readers by telling about the smartest parrot.
D.    To explain why the parrot owner was very angry.
·           Kunci jawaban : C
·           Pembahasan:
       Tujuan text narrative adalah untuk menghibur (amuse/entertain the reader)

27.
·           Kemampuan yang diuji          : Menentukan pesan moral
·           Indikator                                : Disajikan satu teks NARATIF, siswa dapat menentukan pesan moral dari teks tersebut.
·          Soal :
From the text we learn that … .         
A.          we have to respect  others
B.           we have to imitate  others
C.           we should not force others to do something
D.          we must not hurt others’  feeling                                  
·                                                          Kunci jawaban : C
·          Pembahasan:
      Cerita di atas menggambarkan bahwa kita tidak boleh memaksakan kehendak kepada orang lain, meskipun hanya seekor binatang. Jadi jawaban yang paling tepat adalah C

28.
·           Kemampuan yang diuji          : Menentukan makna kata.   
·           Indikator                                : Disajikan satu kalimat yang dicuplik dari teks NARATIF yang disediakan, siswa dapat menentukan makna kata tertentu dalam kalinat tersebut
·           Soal :
“… the parrot was standing proudly and screaming at the last old chicken …”
            The word “proudly” nearly means …
A.          arrogantly
B.        bravely
C.        smugly
D.       humbly
·          Kunci Jawaban : A
·          Pembahasan :
             Arti kata yang paling tepat adalah arrogantly.

Read the text to answer questions 33 to 36.

Little Brother, Little Sister
Maltreated by their stepmother, who was a witch, a little brother and sister fled into the woods. After running for a while,
the brother said: 'I'm so thirsty. Let's find a spring and have a drink.'
          However, as the young boy bent down to drink, his sister heard a voice which said: 'Who drinks from me will turn into a fawn.' it was the witch! Too late, the sister tried to prevent her brother from drinking. The young boy changed at once into a fawn. In tears, the little girl made a lead and collar out of her belt, and led the fawn off into the woods. There they found an abandoned cottage and lived together, far from any danger.
          One day, however, the king was hunting in the woods, and he spied the fawn, which could not resist the urge to wander away from the cottage. The king and his hunters chased the fawn all the way back home. There, the king followed it into the cottage, where he found a young girl stroking the frightened animal. She was so beautiful and gentle that the king fell in love with her at once. He asked her to be his wife, and his words caused the maiden to cry for joy. When one of her tears fell on the fawn, it changed back to her brother once more. Their goodness and love had overcome the witch's evil spell, and they lived safely and happily with the king for ever after.
Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990

1.       
·      Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan informasi tersirat
·      Indikator: Disajikan sebuah teks naratif fairy tale, siswa dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan tentang  informasi tersirat  dari teks tersebut dengan tepat.

·      Soal:
Why did the brother and sister flee into the woods?  Because ….
A.    they had been maltreated by their stepmother.
B.    they had been treated well their stepmother
C.    they wanted to leave home.
D.    they felt very happy.
·      Kunci jawaban: a
·      Pembahasan: Jawaban dari pertanyaan di atas dapat dibaca pada paragraph 1 kalimat pertama  “Maltreated by their stepmother, who was a witch, a little brother and sister fled into the woods.” Dengan clue kata yang digaris bawahi, maka jawabannya adalah a.
2.       
·      Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan rujukan kata
·      Indikator: Disajikan sebuah kutipan kalimat yang kata gantinya digaris bawahi dari teks naratif fairy tale yang sama, siswa dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan rujukan kata ganti  dari teks tersebut dengan tepat.
·      Soal:
 “There, the king followed it into the cottage..” The word it refers to ….
A.   cottage
B.   fawn
C.   wood
D.   home

·      Kunci jawaban: b
·      Pembahasan:  Jawaban dari pertanyaan di atas dapat mengacu pada kalimat sebelumnya “The king and his hunters chased the fawn all the way back home”

3.       
·      Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan informasi tersurat
·      Indikator: Disajikan sebuah teks naratif fairy tale yang sama, siswa dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan tentang  informasi tersirat  dari teks tersebut dengan tepat.
·      Soal:
What caused the young boy to turn into a fawn?
A.   He left home into the woods.
B.   He found an abandoned cottage.
C.   He drank something and got curse.
D.   He said something bad to his mother.
·      Kunci jawaban: c
·      Pembahasan: Jawaban untuk pertanyaan di atas terdapat pada paragraph 2 baris pertama dan kedua,yang disimpulkan dia berubah menjadi anak rusa setelah minum dan mendapat kutukan, maka jawaban yangtepat c

4.       

·      Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan informasi rinci tersurat
·      Indikator: Disajikan sebuah teks naratif fairy tale yang sama, siswa dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan tentang  informasi rinci tersurat  dari teks tersebut dengan tepat.
·      Soal:
What made the fawn change back to be a young boy?
A.   The king’s request for his sister to marry him.
B.   The sister’s love and tenderness.
C.   The king’s desire to catch him.
D.   His sister’s beauty.
·      Kunci jawaban: b
·      Pembahasan:  Jawaban dari pertanyaan di atas ditemui pada paragraph terakhir, kalimat “When one of her tears fell on the fawn, it changed back to her brother once more.”, maka jawaban yang tepat adalah b.

Untuk Siswa SMPN 1 Kayen Kelas 9 A,9 B,9 C dan 9 D silakan
kerjakan Quiz secara online : Silakan Klik Disini 


(Sumber : Buku Paket dan Materi Pengayaan ujian Nasional SMP Depdikbud, 2012)
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