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Selasa, 04 Agustus 2015

Descriptive Text

Ditulis dan dipostingkan oleh Admin Blog
Para pembaca blog Edelweis yang bebahagia, terutama bagi para siswa Kelas 7 SMP dan MTS. Kali ini, kita akan membahas tentang salah satu jenis teks (genre) yaitu Descriptive Text

Teks Descriptive adalah teks yang mengatakan kepada kita tentang orang, benda dan tempat tertentu secara khusus. Dalam bahasa Inggris "Descriptive Text is text that tells us about something in particular".

The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text.
a. Identification
b. Description 1
c. Description 2
d. Description 3

Ada 3 jenis Descriptive Text
a. Place
b. Person
c. Animal

Soal dan Pembahasan (Sumber materi : Materi Pengayaan Ujian Nasional Depdiknas 2012)
Read the text and choose the correct answer
            A street sweeper was doing his job when he came across some money lying on the ground. He decided to use it to buy a surprise present for his little daughter. He bought a jar of honey, rushed home and left it on the table, so that his daughter would find it as soon as she came home from school. But, alas, it was the flies that ate the honey.
            The sweeper was so angry that he went to ask the judge to give orders for the flies to be arrested and condemned to death.
“You are absolutely right,” smiled they judge, “but as you will well understand, we cannot mobilize the army against these rascals. We shall see justice done in another way. Every time you see a fly, strike it down. I authorize you to execute them yourself. Furthermore, I demand personally that you do not allow even a single one of these thieving flies to escape.”
“Yes, your honor. You can count on me,” the sweeper assured him.
            At that very moment, a fly decided to settle on the judge’s head and the sweeper did not hesitate: he raised his brush and brought it crashing down on the judge’s head. The guards were about to arrest him, when the judge recovered and intervened. “Leave him be,” he ordered, “he has taught me not to say foolish things to simpletons.”
1.     Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan gambaran umum isi teks.
·         Indikator: Siswa dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan tentang gambaran umum isi teks dengan tepat.
·         Soal:
What is the text about?
A.    The street sweeper and the judge.
B.     The flies and the rascals.
C.     The guards and their master.
D.    The court and the simpletons.
·         Kunci jawaban: A
·         Pembahasan:
Bila dibaca secara menyeluruh, maka kita dapat mengatakan bahwa teks  di atas bercerita tentang tukang sapu jalan dan sang hakim. Jawaban yang lainnya kurang tepat. Dengan  demikian jawaban yang paling tepat adalah A.

2.      Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan pokok pikiran paragraph teks.
·         Indikator: Siswa dapat melengkapi pernyataan rumpang dengan pokok pikiran paragraph yang tepat.
·         Soal:
The last paragraph of the text tells you about what the street sweeper …
A.    did to carry out the judge’s order
B.     liked doing during his real life
C.     made to buy honey for his daughter
D.    got as a result of his bad behavior
·         Kunci jawaban: A
·         Pembahasan:
Pertanyaan diatas mananyakan topic paragraph. Bila dibaca paragraf akhir teks di atas, jelas menceritakan apa yang penyapu jalan lakukan atas perintah sang hakim. Dengan demikian jawaban peranyaan yang tepat adalah A.


3.    Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan informasi tersirat dalam teks.
·                  Indikator: Disajikan sebuah pertanyaan tentang informasi tersirat dalam teks, siswa dapat menentukan jawabannya dengan tepat.
·                  Soal:
What is the moral value of the story?
A.                There is no justice for foolish people.
B.                 It is dangerous to talk to street sweepers.
C.                 A judge should be careful with his or her orders.
D.                We must be careful with stupid persons in this life.
·                  Kunci jawaban: C
·                  Pembahasan:
Dari  teks diketahui bahwa orang sangat menjunjung tinggi keputusan hakim. Ucapan hakim harus jelas dan tegas hingga tidak disalahgunakan orang. Nilai moral cerita ini diantaranya hakim semestinya berhati-hati dengan ucapannya terutama kepada orang awam. Jawaban yang cocok untuk soal ini adalah D, sedangkan yang lainnya kurang tepat.

4.  Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan makna kata/frasa/kalimat.
·          Indikator: Siswa dapat menentukan makna kata/frasa berdasarkan konteks    kalimat ang diberikan.
·       Soal:
    “Yes, your honor. You can count on me,” the sweeper assured him.
   What does the phrase “count on” in the sentence mean?
A.    Get
B.     Ask
C.     Pay
D.    Trust.
·         Kunci jawaban: D
·      Pembahasan:
Dari konteks kalimat jelas bahwa makna count on yang paling tepat adalah percaya atau mengandalkan. Dengan demikian kita bisa menebak bahwa arti count on sama dengan trust. Bukan yang lainnya. Jawaban D adalah jawaban yang paling tepat.

5. Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan rujukan kata dalam teks.
·         Indikator: Disajikan sebuah kalimat yang memuat kata ganti tertentu, siswa dapat menentukan kata yang dirujuknya dengan tepat dalam teks
·      Soal:
“….so that his daughter would find it as soon as she came home from school.”
What does the word “it” in the sentence refer to?
A.    The money.
B.     The fly.
C.     The honey.
D.    The jar.
·       Kunci jawaban: C
·       Pembahasan:

                 Arti kata it dalam konteks ini adalah madu. Jadi jawaban yang tepat adalah C, bukan yang lainnya.

Minggu, 02 Agustus 2015

Mother How Are You Today

Ditulis dan dipostingkan oleh Admin Blog. 
Bahasa Inggris di Negara Indonesia adalah sebagai salah satu Bahasa Asing yang dipelajari secara resmi. Bahasa Asing lainnya yang dipelajari oleh beberapa sekolah adalah Bahasa Arab, Bahasa Jepang, Bahasa Mandarin, Bahasa Prancis dan Bahasa Korea.

     Sebagai bahasa asing, para siswa menemukan sedikit kendala dalam mempelajari Bahasa Inggris. Hal ini wajar dikarenakan dalam kehidupan sehari hari para siswa jarang mendengarkan percakapan dalam Bahasa Inggris, Dalam kehidupan sehari hari para siswa menggunakan Bahasa Daerah dan Bahasa Indonesia.

     Menyadari kesulitan yang dialami oleh para siswa, berbagai cara dan metode digunakan untuk pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Salah satu cara adalah Belajar Bahasa Inggris melalui Lagu. hal ini dimaksudkan agar para siswa ada rasa senang dalam mempelajari Bahasa Inggris. Disamping itu dengan suara darinative speaker = pembicara asli, para siswa juga belajar bagaimana setiap kata dilafalkan/diucapkan secara benar. Dengan demikian para siswa belajar pronunciation atau pengucapan. Sambil menyanyi sebuah lagu para siswa juga bisa belajar Bahasa Inggris.
Inilah Video lagu tersebut. yang penulis tautkan ke layanan You Tube

Ulasan tentang lagu "Mother How Are You Today?" (Ibu Bagaimana kabarmu hari ini?) adalah sebagai berikut. Lagu diatas berisi tentang seorang anak perempuan yang tinggal jauh dengan ibunya. Ia demikian merindukan ibunya. Ia mengirim sebuah catatan menanyakan kabar ibunya. Ia juga memberi kabar bahwa keadaan dirinya baik baik saja. Ia berjanji untuk bertemu ibunya pada musim panas. Pada bait terakhir ia berkata pada ibunya tentang bertemu dengan seorang laki-laki dalam impiannya. Ibunya akan bertemu dengannya suatu saat nanti. Disamping itu ia juga mengabarkan bahwa banyak hal yang ia alami sewaktu berada jauh dari ibunya.


Latihan soal dan pembahasan.

Choose the correct answer by crossing a.b,c or d !
1. According to the song, the daughter sent a note to her....
    a. mother
    b. father
    c. parent
    d. friend
Answer = a. mother ( pada bait pertama baris kedua)

2. How is the daughter? She is....
    a. not fine
    b. not ok
    c. not well
    d. fine
Answer = d. fine ( pada bait kedua baris pertama)

3. When will the daughter visit her mother? She will visit her at the....
    a. spring
    b. summer
    c. autumn
    d. winter
Answer = b. summer (bait kedua baris kedua)

4. This time there will be no delay. (line 7). The word delay has the synonym with the world....
    a. come
    b. go
    c. postpone
    d. clean
Answer c. postpone (delay=postpone = put off = menunda)

5. By singing this song, according to your opinion, how is the daughter's behaviour? She has....
a. a good behavior
b. a bad behavior
c. a good and bad behavior
d. no behavior
Answer = a. a good behavior (mengirim surat, menanyakan kabar ibunya, menceritakan keadaan dirinya, berjanji untuk bertemu ibunya adalah watak yang baik)

     Demikian, semoga posting ini bermanfaat.

Soal Ulangan Harian Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9 SMP/MTS

Ditulis dan dipostingkan oleh Admin Blog.

WRITE IN ENGLISH
               
1.a. Toni bermain sepak bola kemarin.
                b.. Tiara sedang mendengarkan sebuah lagu sekarang.
    c. Santi akan belajar bahasa Inggris besok.
    d. Deni telah menonton televisi selama 2 jam.
    e. Tia selalu makan sebuah apel setiap hari.

CHANGE INTO PASSIVE!
            3. a. Toni is reading a book.
                b. Rian made two kites.

COMPLETE THE QUESTION TAG!
            4. a. The students study hard,...........?
                b. Nia wrote a letter,...............?

COMBINE THESE TWO SENTENCES WITH SO TOO and EITHER NEITHER!
            5. a. -Tia likes an apple.

                   - I like an apple.

Soal Ulangan Semester 1 Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9 SMP/MTS

Ditulis dan dipostingkan oleh Admin Blog.

Choose the correct answer by giving bold  a,b,c  or  d at the answer sheet!
WHAT IS THUNDER?
Thunder sounds like an explosion. Lightning causes thunder. The sound comes from air that suddenly gets very hot.
A bolt of lightning can make the air around it as hot as 18,000° Fahrenheit (10,000° Celsius). That’s hotter than the surface of the Sun! The hot air rushes away from the lightning bolt. The air rushing away makes the loud sound of thunder.
You often hear the thunder after you see a bolt of lightning. This is because sound travels slower than light. The farther away the lightning is, the longer it takes for you to hear the thunder. You can tell how far away the lightning is. You can count the seconds between the lightning and the sound of the thunder it makes. Sound travels about 1 mile (about 1.6 kilometers) every 5 seconds. If you count slowly to 5 and hear thunder, the lightning bolt was about 1 mile away. If you count to 15 before you hear thunder, the lightning bolt was 3 miles away.
1. Paragraph 2 of the text above tells you about … .

A.         the heat of the sun surface
B.         the loud sound of  air
C.         how the thunder happens.
D.         the sun that shines the air.

2. Why do we often hear the thunder after seeing the lightning?
A.             The light travels faster the sound.
B.             The thunder is very hot to feel.
C.             The lightening is farther away.
D.             The air rushes to heat the earth.

3. The lightning bolt is … miles away from you if you count the sound of thunder at 30 seconds.
A.         7
B.         6
C.         5
D.         4

4. “A bolt of lightning can make the air around it as hot as 18,000° Fahrenheit (10,000° Celsius.”
           The word “it” in the sentence refers to … .
A.           the air
B.           the sun
C.           the lightning
D.           the soun


Honeybees
Like ants, honey bees work together with their friends. They live in a huge group of female and male workers.  … (5) leader is the queen bee. Honeybees often visit flower or drink on the surface of pools and ponds. These bees … (6) the honey that we eat. They are also pollinators of many fruit and vegetable crops. Their wings that moved … (7) cause the “buzz” sound.
5.
A.      Her
B.      His
C.      Their
D.      They

6.
A.      produce
B.      consume
C.      save
D.      like

7.
A.      soundly
B.      happily
C.      rapidly
D.      slowly


Andreas was a student of the University of Indonesia. Like many other students, he did not have much money because his grant was just enough to live on.
       Last year, during the semester holiday, he decided to go to Surabaya. He wanted to visit some friends there. Unfortunately, he could not afford a bus ticket, and even the train was too expensive. He, therefore, decided to hitchhike. He caught a bus to reach the highway and waited. It was a cold, rainy December day. While he was waiting, he got soaked to the skin.
       After waiting for hours, he finally got a lift from a truck driver, who was going to Surabaya. Andreas felt extremely relieved. The truck driver, a reasonably well-dressed man of around 35 seemed friendly. He and Andreas talked a lot.
       Suddenly, as they were driving along the highway, a police car raced past them and made them stop. They were taken to the police station because the police suspected that the truck was carrying stolen goods.
       Andreas was interrogated by a detective for two hours. He even had to spend the night in a cell. He was eventually released the next day. Apparently, the truck was carrying stolen television sets.

8.  What does the text tell you about?
A.         The stolen vehicle.
B.         The poor hitchhiker.
C.         The exciting holiday.
D.         The missing student.

9. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
A. Andreas took a bus to get to the highway.
B. Andreas went to Surabaya to spend his holiday.
C. Andreas had many friends who lived in Surabaya.
D. The weather was cold when Andreas waited for a bus.

10. Andreas tried to get a lift to Surabaya because ... .
A.      there was no bus passing by the highway
B.      he was a college student who liked an adventure
C.      he had promised to visit his friends during holiday
D.      he had no money to buy the bus and train ticket

11. What moral value can you learn from the story above?
A.      Good people always help each other.
B.      It is shameful to ask for someone’s help.
C.      You should take high risk in order to get fun.
D.      Do not fully trust someone whom you do not know well.
12. Choose the best arrangement of the sentences below to make a good paragraph.
1.   They don’t eat any mushroom unless they know it’s safe.
2.   Mushroom hunters have to be very careful.
3.   But some mushrooms are poisonous.
4.   They can make you sick and damage your organs.
5.   A few are even deadly.
6.   The most famous poisonous mushrooms are the amanitas.
7.    They cause most of the mushroom poisonings in the United States.
A.                  3-1-7-4-5-2-6
B.                  3-5-7-1-2-4-6
C.                  3-4-5-6-7-2-1
D.                  3-6-7-2-1-4-5

Arrange the words into meaningful sentences!
13.  listening toMr. Teddytellingareis a storyandhis studentshim
           1                    2               3          4       5         6         7              8               9
A.                  2-5-1-8-7-4-6-3-9
B.                  2-5-3-6-5-1-7-9-2
C.                  2-5-3-6-7-8-4-1-9
D.                  2-5-1-4-3-9-8-6-7

MAKING CANDLES
Making coloured and scented candles is really quick and simple. What's more, you'll save so much money. If making candles is easy, why do you ever buy one from a shop? What you need in making candles are wax, moulds, wick, dye discs, essential oils, and a double boiler. All these materials are available from craft shops. Or if you do not want to buy them, you can improvise with an old saucepan, Pyrex jug, or even a sturdy can, in a pot of water. After providing the materials, follow this procedure or instruction in making candles!

First of all, melt the wax. All wax has a flash point, so to prevent it from bursting into flames; you must melt it in a double boiler, with water at the bottom of the pan.
Then, prepare the mould with the wick. Thread the wick through the mould and make sure that you leave a good few centimeters sticking out of the hole in the bottom.
After that, add the scent. If you want a scented candle, add a few drops of essential oil to the melted wax. You can use any essential oil you like, as long as it doesn't contain water.
Next step, pour the wax into the mould. Try and tip the wax into the mould quickly, all in one go, to minimize spillage and air bubbles.
Then, release the bubbles and top it up. Releasing the air bubbles will eventually make the candle sink, so you will need to top it up with more melted wax.
Finally, remove it from the mould. After four or five hours, the candle can be taken out of its mould.
Your candle is now ready for display. Remember, you must always leave it for a day before lighting it.

14. What does paragraph one tell us about?
A.   The steps in making candles.
B.   The materials we need in making candles.
C.   The goal of the text in making candles.
D.   The way to make candles.

15.  What should you do after melting the wax?
A.      Pour the melting wax into the mould.
B.      Remove the melting wax from the mould.
C.      Prepare the mould with the wick.
D.      Release the bubbles and top it up.


16. Where can you buy the materials for making candles?
A.      At the handicraft shop.
B.      At the super market.
C.      At the stall.
D.      At the craft shop.
       
17. “…, so to prevent it from bursting into flames you …”
The word  “bursting” means …
A.         exploding
B.         melting
C.         satisfying
D.         becoming

ANNOUNCEMENT
To : All Marketing Managers
There will be a meeting this afternoon January 4th 2010 at 01.30 pm . The meeting will discuss the customers’ orders.
Please bring the documents needed.
                                   
                                 Thank You
                                   Secretary Director
18. What will be discussed in the meeting?
A.            The customers’ order.
B.            The customers’ needed.
C.            The customers’ documents.
D.            The customers' manager.
19. Who will attend the meeting?
A.         Customers.
B.         All marketing managers.
C.         Secretary director and all managers.
D.         Director, secretary  and all marketing managers
20. After the doctor examine the patients, he/she gives them....
              A.  Recipe
              B. Receipt
              C. Prescription

              D. Tool